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Course ID: 0900-FS1-2ELE Erasmus code / ISCED: 13.201 / (unknown)
Course title: Electronics Name in Polish: Elektronika
Department: Faculty of Physics
Course groups: (in Polish) Fizyka - I stopień stacjonarne - obow 2018/2019
(in Polish) fizyka ogólna 2 rok I stopień sem. letni
ECTS credit allocation (and other scores): 5.00
view allocation of credits
Language: Polish
Type of course:

obligatory courses


Analysis of Experimental Uncertainty 0900-FS1-1RNP
Electricity and Magnetism 0900-FS1-2ELM


Optics and Waves 0900-FS1-2OIF

Prerequisites (description):

Student knows the basic of the Electricity and Magnetism as well as an elements of the Optics.


(in Polish) w sali

Short description:

Introduction to the basic electronic circuits: analog and digital, principle of operation and the use of them in measurement technique.

Passive RC circuits - Filters. p-n junction. Diodes.

Transistor Amplifiers (bipolar and unipolar).

Operational Amplifiers (basic configuration work).


Power Supplies and Voltage Stabilizers.

Elements of Digital Technique (basic circuits - gates, flip-flops, counters).

Converters D/A and A/D.

Full description:

Profile of study: academical

Form of study: full-time

Type of course: obligatory (Module - Physics Applications)

Discipline and discipline of science: Technical Sciences, Electronics

Year / Semester: 2 year / 4th semester, Physics

Prerequisites: Before the course the student should know the Electricity and Magnetism and selected elements of the Optics (know basic concepts and phenomena) as well as the ability to works with a measurement data and estimate measurement uncertainty.

The number of teaching hours: Lectures 30 hours., Laboratory 45 hours.

Teaching methods: lectures, laboratory, discription of measurement data, discussion of the results, consultations, individual student homework (including preparation of the report of labs).

ECTS credits: 5

The student workload: Participation in lectures (30 hrs.), Participation in laboratory (45 hrs.), Participation in the consultations (15 hrs.), The student homework (preparation of the reports, data analysis - 20 hours.), Preparing to oral assessment of lecture (15 hrs.)

Quantitative indicators: student workload connected with direct participation of teacher - 90 hrs., 3 ECTS credits; the workload connected with an independent student works - 35 hrs., 2 ECTS credits.


Basic Principles of Electronics.

Analog signal, Digital signal. DC and AC voltage; Ohm Law, Kirchhoff’s Laws: KCL, KVL; Gain (Transmittance) of circuits.

Passive electronics elements: resistors, capacitors, inductors; parameters.

RC and LR circuits (filters)

Low-pass filter; High-pass filter; Band- pass filters;

Frequency response of simple RC circuits.

Amplification of step voltages and pulses.

Semiconductor materials, crystal structures, basic of quantum theory and band theory.

Introduction to p-n junction theory: electrostatics; ideal p-n diode equation. Non-ideal diode description. DC voltage-current characteristics, temperature effects.

Charge storage and transient behavior. Junction breakdown;

The Zener, Capacitance, LED, Photodiode and other special types of diodes.

Metal-semiconductor junctions: Schottky diodes, non-rectifying contacts, tunneling.

Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT); principles of operation; derivation of voltage-current and current gain expressions.

BJT amplifiers configurations – OE, OB and emitter follower. (OC) Parameters for different configurations.

Theory of Junction Field Effect Transistor (JFET); dc characteristics and ac performance.

Two-terminal MOS structure, MOS capacitors, flat-band and threshold voltages.

Static MOS transistor (MOSFET), principle of working, its equivalent circuit.

MOSFET biasing and amplifier configurations – CS, CG and CD.

Comparison transistors: BJT and MOSFET.

OpAmp as a Black Box. Negative voltage feedback Analysis of linear applications with OpAmps – inverting and non-inverting, voltage follower, adder and subtracter.

Behavioral description of open loop OpAmp’s gain. Gain-bandwidth exchange in OpAmp circuits. Other OpAmp non-idealities and their impact on application performance.

Analysis of linear applications: OpAmp Integrator, OpAmp Differentiators for integration and differentiation configuration, converter current- voltage

OpAmp RC Active filters. Types of filters. Parameters.

Comparators, principle, parameters. Real comparators, with hysteresis loop, without hysteresis loop; Circuits with positive feedback; The RC oscillator

Power supplies

Basic rectifying circuits, - full wave rectifying circuits.

Smoothing circuits: π- sections filters

Other forms of power supply

Electronic regulation of power supplies.

Digital Logic Elements:

Boolean Logic, Basic Logic function and selected complex functions.

The Basic of Digital circuits:

Logic gates

Flip-flops type: D, RS, T, JK;

Counters - using Flip-flops (binary and BCD counters)

Logic gates; Parameters of logic gate design: e.g. TTL, CMOS

Analysis of selected logic gate design.

Converters D/A and A/D

Principles of working of selected converters; parameters.

Lab :

1. Training with a using tools such as oscilloscopes, multimeters and signal generators.

2. RC and LR circuits (filters). Frequency and gain response of simple RC circuits ( Low-pass and High-pass filters). Gain of step voltages and square-wave pulses.

3. Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT) amplifiers configurations – OE and OC (Emitter Follower). Configurations of amplifiers - characteristics and parameters.

4. Analysis of linear applications with OpAmps – inverting and non-inverting, voltage follower, adder and subtracter. OpAmp RC Active filters. Comparators with hysteresis loop, without hysteresis loop; Circuits with positive feedback - the RC oscillator

5. Power supplies: Basic rectifying circuits - full wave rectifying circuits. Smoothing circuits: π- sections filters. Electronic regulation of power supplies.

DC voltage-current characteristics of diodes: universal / rectifying, the Zener, LED and the Schottky.

6. Digital Logic Elements: designing of selected complex functions using logic gates. Counters - using Flip-flops (binary and BCD counters).

7. Converters: D/A and A/D; Principles of working of selected converters; Estimating parameters,digital and analog errors..


1. Agarwal, Anant, and Jeffrey H. Lang. Foundations of Analog and Digital Electronic Circuits. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Elsevier, July 2005. ISBN: 9781558607354.

2. Yang E.S. – Microelectronic devices – McGraw Hill 1988

3. Neamen D.A. – Semiconductor Physic and Devices 3rd ed. – Mc Graw Hill 2002

4. Sze S.M. – Semiconductor Devices: physics and technology, 2nd Edition – Wiley 2002

5. B. Razavi Fundamentals of Microelectronics, Willey, 2008

6. A. Sedra, K.C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, Oxford UP 2010

7. R. Jaeger, T. Blalock, Microelectronic Circuit Design,McGraw Hill 2003

Learning outcomes:

After successfully studying course of Electronics students will be able to:

1. Understand the basic electrical engineering principles and abstractions on which the design of electronic systems is based. These include lumped circuit models, digital circuits, and operational amplifiers;

2. Understand the physical bases of solid state electronics;

3. Build circuits and take measurements of circuit variables using tools such as oscilloscopes, multimeters, and signal generators. Compare the measurements with the behavior predicted by mathematic models and explain the discrepancies;

4. Analyze problems in the field of basic electronics and find their solutions, analyze and formulate conclusions;

5. Use literature and Internet resources to understanding and solving the problems of electronics;

6. Use teamwork skills laboratory, assuming the role of the leader or the coordinator of the experiment;

7. Organize a work and take responsibility for results of his work;

8. Appreciate the practical significance of the systems developed in the course.

Assessment methods and assessment criteria:

To gets assessment of laboratory necessary is to execute all of labs, to prepare reports and oral presentation of results. The absence of 50% of the laboratory makes it impossible to obtain credit from the laboratory.

The assessment of labs is necessary condition to oral assessment of lecture.

Evaluation of student work:

• assessment of labs ;

• oral assessment of lecture.

Classes in period "Academic year 2018/2019" (past)

Time span: 2018-10-01 - 2019-06-30
Choosen plan division:

see course schedule
Type of class: Laboratory, 45 hours more information
Lecture, 30 hours more information
Coordinators: Krystyna Perzyńska
Group instructors: Krystyna Perzyńska
Students list: (inaccessible to you)
Examination: Course - Grading
Laboratory - Grading
Lecture - Grading

Classes in period "Academic year 2019/2020" (future)

Time span: 2019-10-01 - 2020-06-30
Choosen plan division:

see course schedule
Type of class: Laboratory, 45 hours more information
Lecture, 30 hours more information
Coordinators: (unknown)
Group instructors: (unknown)
Students list: (inaccessible to you)
Examination: Course - Grading
Laboratory - Grading
Lecture - Grading
Course descriptions are protected by copyright.
Copyright by University of Bialystok.